Platelet protein biomarker panel for ovarian cancer diagnosis

Platelet protein biomarker panel for ovarian cancer diagnosis
Lomnytska M, Pinto R, Becker S, Engström U, Gustafsson S, Björklund C, Templin M, Bergstrand J, Xu L, Widengren J, Epstein E, Franzén B, Auer G.
Biomark Res. 2018 Jan 12;6:2. doi: 10.1186/s40364-018-0118-y.

Platelets support cancer growth and spread making platelet proteins candidates in the search for biomarkers.

Two-dimensional (2D) gel electrophoresis, Partial Least Squares Discriminant Analysis (PLS-DA), Western blot, DigiWest.

PLS-DA of platelet protein expression in 2D gels suggested differences between the International Federation of Gynaecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) stages III-IV of ovarian cancer, compared to benign adnexal lesions with a sensitivity of 96% and a specificity of 88%. A PLS-DA-based model correctly predicted 7 out of 8 cases of FIGO stages I-II of ovarian cancer after verification by western blot. Receiver-operator curve (ROC) analysis indicated a sensitivity of 83% and specificity of 76% at cut-off >0.5 (area under the curve (AUC) = 0.831, p < 0.0001) for detecting these cases. Validation on an independent set of samples by DigiWest with PLS-DA differentiated benign adnexal lesions and ovarian cancer, FIGO stages III-IV, with a sensitivity of 70% and a specificity of 83%.

We identified a group of platelet protein biomarker candidates that can quantify the differential expression between ovarian cancer cases as compared to benign adnexal lesions.