Functional re-establishment of the perforant pathway in organotypic co-cultures on microelectrode arrays

Functional re-establishment of the perforant pathway in organotypic co-cultures on microelectrode arrays
Hofmann F, Guenther E, Hammerle H, Leibrock C, Berezin V, Bock E, Volkmer H
Brain Res. 2004 Aug 13;1017(1-2):184-96. DOI: 10.1016/j.brainres.2004.05.044

Co-cultures of entorhinal cortex (EC) and dentate gyrus (DG) explants are a useful model system to study the formation and stabilization of axonal projections. We adapted this model system to EC-DG co-cultures on microelectrode arrays (MEA) for the characterization of axonal projections on a functional level for days and weeks. EC and DG explants were placed on MEA to allow for the reconstitution of perforant pathway projections. Connections formed were characterized by morphological and electrophysiological analyses to verify characteristic features of perforant pathway signal transmission. Morphological analysis reveals proper projection of EC neurons into the molecular layer of the DG. Examination of synaptic transmission after high frequency stimulation imply unidirectional connections that used glutamate receptors of the AMPA/kainate type as main mediators of excitatory signal transmission. The system was evaluated by the introduction of the NCAM binding peptide C3d. In accordance with in vivo and in vitro experiments C3d modulated signal transmission by NCAM-related mechanisms resulting in morphological re-arrangements. Pubmed