Distribution of metabotropic P2Y receptors in the rat retina: a single-cell RT-PCR study.

Distribution of metabotropic P2Y receptors in the rat retina: a single-cell RT-PCR study.
Fries JE, Wheeler-Schilling TH, Kohler K, Guenther E
Brain Res Mol Brain Res. 2004 Nov 4;130(1-2):1-6. DOI: 10.1016/j.molbrainres.2004.06.041

P2Y receptors are metabotropic G-protein linked purinergic receptors, which are especially widespread in the central nervous system. The purpose of the present study was to determine the distribution patterns of P2Y receptors in distinct retinal cell types in the adult retina. Retinal ganglion cells (RGC), bipolar cells (BPC) and Muller cells (MC) of adult pigmented rats were analyzed for their expression of P2Y-receptor subtypes P2Y1, P2Y2, P2Y4, and P2Y6 by single-cell reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (SC-RT-PCR). SC-RT-PCR resulted in a positive amplification signal for all P2Y-receptor subtype mRNAs in all cell types examined. However, subtype distribution differed among the different cell types. The percentage of cells expressing a distinct P2Y subtype was: (a) for RGCs: 80% with P2Y1, 100% with P2Y2, 30% with P2Y4 and 50% with P2Y6, (b) for BPCs: 60% with P2Y1, 40% with P2Y2, 20% with P2Y4 and 80% with P2Y6, and (c) for MCs: 60% with P2Y1, 80% with P2Y2, 60% with P2Y4 and 100% with P2Y6. Our data show that different subtypes of P2Y receptors (P2Y1, P2Y2, P2Y4 and P2Y6) are expressed in various retinal cells and indicate that extracellular purines and pyrimidines act on RGCs, BPCs and MCs via different P2Y receptors. PubMed