The ongoing COVID-19 pandemic and the frequent emergence of new SARS-CoV-2 variants of concern (VOCs), requires continued development of fast and effective therapeutics. Recently, we identified high-affinity neutralizing nanobodies (Nb) specific for the receptor-binding domain (RBD) of SARS-CoV-2, which are now being used as biparatopic Nbs (bipNbs) to investigate their potential as future drug candidates. Following detailed in vitro characterization, we chose NM1267 as the most promising candidate showing high affinity binding to several recently described SARS-CoV-2 VOCs and strong neutralizing capacity against a patient isolate of B.1.351 (Beta). To assess if bipNb NM1267 confers protection against SARS-CoV-2 infection in vivo, human ACE2 transgenic mice were treated by intranasal route before infection with a lethal dose of SARS-CoV-2. NM1267-treated mice showed significantly reduced disease progression, increased survival rates and secreted less infectious virus via their nostrils. Histopathological analyses and in situ hybridization further revealed a drastically reduced viral load and inflammatory response in lungs of NM1267-treated mice. These data suggest, that bipNb NM1267 is a broadly active and easily applicable drug candidate against a variety of emerging SARS-CoV-2 VOCs.