China’s environmental solutions

China’s environmental solutions
Schmid Rolf, Xiong Xin

China emits unproportionately high concentrations of CO2 and, due to rapid population growth and industrialization, sufers
from air, water, and soil pollution. However, many of these challenges for sustainable growth are being vigorously addressed,
and China aims at a CO2 emission peak by 2030 and carbon neutrality by 2060 (“dual carbon policy”). In addition, nation-wide
programs attempt to achieve reforestation and ecological restoration. By 2025, core elements of a “bioeconomy” and a circular
economy are expected to be ready. Many of these programs extend into China’s international “belt-and-road” initiative (BRI).
In this article, we briefy describe the present achievements of China’s environmental solutions and the country’s visions for
a “digital, eco-friendly civilization.”

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Development of annual mean PM 2.5 concentrations over China from 2000 to 2020